Production and Marketing

The production sector is comprised of five sectors namely: Agriculture, Veterinary Services, Fisheries, Entomology as well as Trade and Industry. The department also ensures that appropriate institutional linkages are maintained with all relevant sector agencies; comprising mostly crop, livestock, fisheries, forestry and industrial research, marketing organisations, NGOs and CBOs engaged in agricultural activities

Agriculture is the major economic activity in Ntoroko district. The majority of farmers are small holders who grow both perennial and annual crops. The perennial crops include Banana, Coffee, and Tea, while the annuals include maize, sweet potatoes, beans, cassava and groundnuts. Table below shows the major crops grown in Ntoroko District as of 2011.

Estimated Crop Hectarage, Yields and Production for 2011

Crop

Hectare

Yield (Tonnes)

(yield per hectare)

Out-put

Cassava

180

1800

324,000

Maize

30

120

3,600

Banana

8

16

128

Sweet potatoes

10

60

600

Arabica coffee

100

250

25,000

Passion fruits

6

20

120

Irish potatoes

9

40

500

Beans

120

500

60,000

Source: District Agricultural Officer 2011

Common Crop Diseases and Pests


Crop

Disease

Pest

Maize

Smurt, Maize streak virus, Northern leaf blight, Gray leaf sport, Fusarium bar rot

Maize stock borer,termites, cut worms, grain weevil and spotted stem borer

Cassava

Cassava mosaic and Brown leaf streak,

Cassava mealy bug, cassava green spider, mites, white flies

Beans

Anthrekanoes, common bacterial blight, holo blight, Angular leaf sport, root rots

Bean weevils, stem maggots, black bean aphid, stripped been weevil, pod-sucking bugs, American bollworm, foliage beetles.

Passion Fruits

Fusarium woodness, rhizoctomia, wilting and dumping off

Scalos, Amphids, Thrips, Mite flat root bug

Coffee

Coffee wilt disease, coffee berry disease,coffee leaf rust

Berry borer, stem borer, caterpillars, leaf miners

Bananas

BBW (banana bacterial wilt), Black & Yellow Sigatoka, Fusarium wilt

Banana weevils, Nematodes